Overview

Distribution

introduced; Calif., La.; w Europe (se France, sw Spain, Portugal), Mediterranean region; n Africa; expected naturalized elsewhere.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Bulbs ovoid, 4–6 × 3–5 cm, tunic dark brown. Leaves 4; blade flat, keeled, 20–35(–45) cm × 6–15(–20) mm, glaucous. Inflorescences umbellate, 5–15(–20)-flowered, 25–35 cm; spathe pale brown, 4–6 cm, papery. Flowers strongly fragrant; perianth 3–5 cm wide; perianth tube 1.5–2 cm, gradually tapering to base; distinct portions of tepals spreading to reflexed, white, narrowly ovate to oblanceolate, 1–2.5 × 0.8–1 cm, apex acute; corona white, cup-shaped, 2–4 × 5–8 mm, apex crenulate to ruffled; 3 short stamens included in perianth tube, 3 longer stamens and style exserted into mouth of corona; pedicel of variable length, to 6 cm. 2n = 22.
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Type Information

Isoepitype for Narcissus papyraceus Ker Gawl.
Catalog Number: US 3572410
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: ; Status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): G. Bacchetta, M. Casti & D. Fanti
Year Collected: 2009
Locality: S. Giovanni di Bindua, Igleasias., Sardinia, Italy, Europe
Elevation (m): 115 to 120
  • Isoepitype: Ker Gawler, J. B. 1806. Bot. Mag. 24: tab. 947.; Aedo, C. 2010. Acta Bot. Malac. 35: 118.
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Ecology

Habitat

Roadsides, waste places; 0--100m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering winter--spring.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Narcissus papyraceus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Narcissus papyraceus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Wikipedia

Narcissus papyraceus

Narcissus papyraceus (from papyrus and aceus ; meaning paper like [1]), commonly known as Paperwhite, is a perennial bulbous plant native to the Mediterranean region. The white flowers are borne in bunches and are strongly fragrant. It is frequently grown as a house plant, often forced to flower at Christmas.

Paperwhites are part of the Narcissus genus which is typically associated with daffodils.

Contents

Description

The stems are mid-green and grow upright. Mature height is usually 30–45 cm, though varies by variety. Several white flowers are borne at the top of each stem and are strongly scented.

Cultivation

Many cultivars are available and are easy to force into bloom indoors. Unlike other Narcissus species, Paperwhites do not require chilling to promote bloom. The bulbs begin to grow as soon as they are planted, with flowers appearing in 3–4 weeks.

Narcissus papyraceus thrives in moist, peat moss based potting mix. Plants can also be grown in containers of water. Cool temperatures between 7-18°C and indirect light will help to prolong the bloom time.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Dictionary of Botanical Epithets pamphylicus - papyrifer. Retrieved January 5, 2007.
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Notes

Comments

Although Narcissus papyraceus and N. tazetta are distinct and easily distinguished as fresh specimens, they are very difficult to separate in herbarium material. Many early authors considered the two synonymous, making literature references to N. tazetta unreliable.
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