Catalog Number: US 3572410
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: ; Status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): G. Bacchetta, M. Casti & D. Fanti
Year Collected: 2009
Locality: S. Giovanni di Bindua, Igleasias., Sardinia, Italy, Europe
Elevation (m): 115 to 120
- Isoepitype: Ker Gawler, J. B. 1806. Bot. Mag. 24: tab. 947.; Aedo, C. 2010. Acta Bot. Malac. 35: 118.
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Narcissus papyraceus
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Narcissus papyraceus
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
Narcissus papyraceus (from papyrus and aceus ; meaning paper like ), commonly known as Paperwhite, is a perennial bulbous plant native to the Mediterranean region. The white flowers are borne in bunches and are strongly fragrant. It is frequently grown as a house plant, often forced to flower at Christmas.
Paperwhites are part of the Narcissus genus which is typically associated with daffodils.
The stems are mid-green and grow upright. Mature height is usually 30–45 cm, though varies by variety. Several white flowers are borne at the top of each stem and are strongly scented.
Many cultivars are available and are easy to force into bloom indoors. Unlike other Narcissus species, Paperwhites do not require chilling to promote bloom. The bulbs begin to grow as soon as they are planted, with flowers appearing in 3–4 weeks.
Narcissus papyraceus thrives in moist, peat moss based potting mix. Plants can also be grown in containers of water. Cool temperatures between 7-18°C and indirect light will help to prolong the bloom time.
Narcissus papyraceus 'Paperwhite'