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Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Range Description

The native distribution of N. jonquilla is limited to the Iberian Peninsula although it may also be locally native in the south of France. However it has been introduced to France, Italy, Turkey in Europe, Madeira, Azores and southeastern North America.
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introduced; B.C.; Ala., Ark., Ga., Ill., La., Md., Miss., N.C., Ohio, S.C., Tex., Utah; sw Europe (c, s Spain; e, s Portugal); expected naturalized elsewhere.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Bulbs ovoid, 2–3 × 2–2.5 cm, tunic dark brown. Leaves 2–3(–4); blade dark green, channeled adaxially, nearly terete, 30–40 cm × 2–4 mm. Inflorescences umbellate, 1–2(–4)-flowered, 25–35 cm; spathe pale brown, 2–4 cm, papery. Flowers strongly fragrant; perianth 1.5–2.5 cm wide; perianth tube 2–2.5 cm, tapering gradually to base; distinct portions of tepals spreading to reflexed, bright golden yellow, ovate to oblanceolate, 0.4–0.6 × 0.8–1 cm, apex acute to mucronate; corona golden yellow, cup-shaped, 2–4 × 5–8 mm, apex ruffled; 3 short stamens included in perianth tube, 3 longer stamens and style exserted into mouth of corona; pedicel of variable length, to 4 cm. 2n = 14.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Narcissus jonquilla grows in wet grassland, river floodplains and on winter-inundated rock outcrops along rivers.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Roadsides, fields, waste places; 0--100m.
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Associations

Foodplant / pathogen
Narcissus Yellow Stripe virus infects and damages colour-breaked flower of Narcissus jonquilla

Foodplant / parasite
epiphyllous telium of Puccinia schroeteri parasitises live leaf of Narcissus jonquilla

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering late winter--early spring.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2011

Assessor/s
Lansdown, R.V. & Barreto Caldas, F, Moreno Saiz, J.C.

Reviewer/s
Cuttelod, A. & Bilz, M.

Contributor/s

Justification
European regional assessment: Data Deficient (DD)
EU 27 regional assessment: Data Deficient (DD)

Narcissus jonquilla is classed as Data Deficient because available information is inadequate to assign it to an appropriate threat category.
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Population

Population
There is no information available on the size of or trends on populations of N. jonquilla.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
The main threats are unknown. Collecting might have an impact on the wild populations.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is protected by regional legislation in two Spanish regions (Castilla y Leon and Castilla-La Mancha). It occurs in protected areas. More research on population size, trends and distribution, as well as on major threats is needed.
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These species are introduced in Switzerland.
  • Aeschimann, D. & C. Heitz. 2005. Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angrenzenden Gebiete (SISF). 2te Auflage. Documenta Floristicae Helvetiae N° 2. Genève.   http://www.crsf.ch/ External link.
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Wikipedia

Narcissus jonquilla

Narcissus jonquilla (Jonquil) is an old world daffodil that has naturalized throughout Europe and the United States. It is one of the Narcissus species used in Narcissus Oil, a component of many modern perfumes.[1]

Notes

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Notes

Comments

Natural hybrids between Narcissus jonquilla and N. tazetta have been given the name N. intermedius Louisel. The leaves of these plants are intermediate in width between those of the two parents. The inflorescence is 3–6-flowered, and the flowers are uniformly bright yellow or with a darker corona. Such hybrids are known to persist in Louisiana and can be expected elsewhere in the flora area.
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