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Overview

Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill.:
Canada (North America)
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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introduced; B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont.; Ala., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va.; c, se Europe; expected elsewhere.
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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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© NatureServe

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants to 20(–30) cm. Bulbs ovoid, 1.5–2.5 × 1–2 cm, offsets absent, tunics translucent to pale brown. Leaves 2–4(–5); blade prominently ribbed, linear-spatulate, 15–35(–40) cm × 3–8(–12) mm, apex abruptly contracted. Scape 20–35(–40) cm, usually slightly exceeding leaves. Racemes 12–20-flowered. Flowers: perianth tube sky blue, globose to ovoid, 2–4 × 2–3 mm, teeth white; fertile and sterile flowers ± equal (sterile may be slightly smaller and paler); pedicel spreading, 1–3(–5) mm. Capsules 4–6 × 4–6 mm. 2n = 18, 36.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Hyacinthus botryoides Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 318. 1753
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Ecology

Habitat

Roadsides, fields, woods, abandoned gardens; 0--1500m.
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Associations

Foodplant / pathogen
sorus of Ustilago vaillantii infects and damages live ovary of Muscari botryoides
Other: minor host/prey

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering early--mid spring.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Muscari botryoides

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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Wikipedia

Muscari botryoides

Muscari botryoides (Common grape hyacinth; syn. Hyacinthus botryoides L.) is a perennial plant of the genus Muscari. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant.

The flowers are close together, and are almost totally round. The lower flowers are bend towards the ground, while the upper ones are pointing upwards. These ones are most of the times without stamen. The flowers are white, but a blue with a white edge, and pale rose varieties are available. The name botryoides is derived from the appearance of a miniature cluster of grapes.

The common grape hyacinth is originally from the Mediterranean area. This plant is common in the warmer areas of Central Europe. It grows now in orchards and vineyards.

References

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Notes

Comments

Muscari botryoides is the commonest and most cold-hardy of the Muscari species in the flora.
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