Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Northeast Asia Minor (Hortus Third, 1976).

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Caucasus, Balkan Peninsula and Asia Minor. Grassy mountain slopes up to 2,000 m.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Stout scapes 15-25 cm. Bulb 2-3 cm diam., light brown. Leaves in rosette, 3-5, linear, 0.5-0.8 cm wide, 15-20 cm long, slightly glaucous above. Flowers numerous, in short raceme. Flowers 0.5 cm long, dark or sometimes light blue with white teeth. V - early spring to mid summer, in St Petersburg April to July. Fl - May. Fr - June. P - by seed (self-sowing) and by offset bulblets. Does well in sunny places and also in shady sites. Recommended for group planting. Z 4 (3).
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Cultivated.

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Associations

Foodplant / parasite
amphigenous telium of Uromyces muscari parasitises live leaf of Muscari polyanthum
Remarks: season: 4-6

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

Reasons: Introduced species found in IL.

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Wikipedia

Muscari armeniacum

Muscari armeniacum, generally known as the Grape Hyacinth, is an herbaceous plant of the Botryanthus grouping of the genus Muscari with basal, simple leaves and short, flowering stems. The flowers are purple, blue (with a white fringe), or white and the plants are usually 6 inches tall. M armeniacum blooms in mid-Spring (April/May) for 3-4 weeks. Some selections are fragrant. . Established bulbs leaf in the autumn. M armeniacum is found widespread in woods and meadows of the Eastern Mediterranean, from Greece and Turkey to the Caucasus. [1]

Cultivation

M armeniacum is the most commonly cultivated species of Muscari and naturalises easily. It appeared in European gardens in 1871. [2] Cultivars include 'Argaei Album', 'Album', 'Blue Spike', 'Cantab', 'Côte d'Azur', 'Dark Eyes, 'Early Giant', 'Fantasy Creation', 'Peppermint', 'Saphir', and 'Valerie Finnis'. The commonly available form is often referred to as M armeniacum 'Blue'. [3]

‘Blue Spike’ is a double flowered variety, with double florets on the flower stalk. [4] 'Fantasy Creation' is a sport (a naturally occurring genetic mutation) of 'Blue Spike'. [5]

References

Sources


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