Overview

Distribution

Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol [Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia (Far East, E Siberia)].
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Siberia, Far East (Kamchatka, Sakhalin, Kuril Islands), northwestern Mongolia, China, Korea and Japan. Forest edges, meadows, sea coastal sandy slopes.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Flowering stem up to 30-100-(120) cm, ribbed, leafy. Bulb ovate, 3-4 cm diam. Leaves narrow, lanceolate, up to 10-12 cm x 0.5-1.5 cm. Flowers 1-5 in umbel or raceme, 8-15 cm diam., erect, usually orange brick red in colour. V- mid-spring to mid-autumn, in St. Petersburg May-September. Fl - June. Fr - August (not every year). P - by seed and daughter bulbs. Does well in sunny places, endures light shade. In cultivation since 1728. Z 3.
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Description

Bulb ovoid-globose, ca. 2 cm in diam.; scales white, broadly lanceolate, 1--1.4 cm × 5--6 mm, articulate or not. Stem (30--)50--70(--120) cm, not papillose. Leaves scattered plus 4 or 5 in a whorl at apex of stem, sessile, linear, rarely to lanceolate, 4--5 cm × 3--4(--25) mm, 3--5-veined, margin papillose, sometimes also sparsely white woolly, base with a cluster of white woolly hairs. Flowers 1 or 2(--6). Tepals vermilion or red, with purple-red spots, rarely with yellow claws; outer ones oblanceolate, (3--)7--9 × 1.5--2.3 cm, abaxially white woolly, sometimes glabrous; inner ones slightly narrower; nectaries deep purple papillose on both surfaces. Stamens converging; filaments ca. 5 cm; anthers ca. 1 cm. Ovary ca. 1.8 cm. Style ca. 4 cm. Capsule oblong, ca. 5 × 3 cm. Fl. Jun--Jul, fr. Aug--Sep. 2 n = 24*.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Lilium maculatum Thunberg subsp. dauricum (Ker Gawler) H. Hara; L. pensylvanicum Ker Gawler; L. pseudodahuricum M. Fedossejew & S. Fedossejew.
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Ecology

Habitat

Open forests, bushy slopes, hillsides, moist meadows; 400--1500 m.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Lilium pensylvanicum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lilium pensylvanicum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Wikipedia

Lilium pensylvanicum

Lilium pensylvanicum is a species belonging to the family Liliaceae. Sometimes called the Siberian lily, it is native to a cold climate and needs frost in the winter. It is found in the wild form in Siberia, Kamchatka, on Sakhalin and the Kuriles, northeast China, Korea and Hokkaidō. The Latin name is misleading due to an error by the botanist John Bellenden Ker.

Contents

Description [edit]

Lilium pensylvanicum reaches a height of 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in) and has a width up to 25 cm (10 in). The stem is hard, smooth and straight, the leaves linear to lanceolate, 4–5 cm (1.6–2.0 in) long and 3–4 millimetres (0.12–0.16 in) wide. The plant flowers in June and July with one to six upright, dish-shaped flowers. The flower consists of six tepals curving backward from the center. The seeds mature from August to September. The bulb is roundish with a diameter of about 2 cm (0.79 in).

Distribution in Japan [edit]

L. pensylvanicum is abundant in the wild form in the Notsuke Peninsula. Near the city of Betsukai, during July, in the "gardens of the flock of gruyas" there may be seen many photographers looking for the best snapshots of the flowering of the ezosukashiyuri, as this species is known in Japanese. The city Koshimizu, on the island of Hokkaidō, is known as the city of the ezosukashiyuri flowers. In the Ainu language, the flowers are called masarorunpe and that is also the traditional Ainu oil lamp made from a large mussel shell and supported on a three-forked stick.[2][3]

Cultivation [edit]

Lilium pensylvanicum is very undemanding and is easily cultivated. It is sensitive only in relation to drought. Thus the plant is popular in European and American gardens.

References [edit]

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