Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: China & Vietnam.

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Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan, Korea, Vietnam].
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Roots usually with fusiform, fleshy, tuberous part near tip. Stolons creeping, slender. Leaves glaucous abaxially, narrowly linear, 25--60 cm × 4--8 mm, distinctly 5-veined abaxially, base surrounded by many brownish sheaths, margin serrulate. Scape 25--65 cm. Inflorescence 6--15(--20) cm, many flowered; bracts lanceolate, basal one 5--6 mm. Flowers in clusters of (2 or)3--5; pedicel ca. 4 mm, articulate distally. Tepals purplish or bluish, suboblong, 4--5 × 2--2.5 mm. Filaments ca. 2 mm; anthers ca. 2 mm. Style ca. 2 mm; stigma as wide as style. Seeds subglobose, ca. 5 mm in diam. Fl. May--Jul, fr. Aug--Oct. 2 n = 36, 72*, (88*), 90*, 108*.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Convallaria spicata Thunberg in Murray, Syst. Veg., ed. 14, 334. 1784; Liriope spicata var. humilis F. Z. Li; L. spicata f. koreana (Palibin) H. Hara; L. spicata var. prolifera Y. T. Ma; Mondo fauriei (H. Léveillé & Vaniot) Farwell; Ophiopogon fauriei H. Léveillé & Vaniot; O. spicatus (Thunberg) Ker Gawler; O. spicatus var. koreanus Palibin.
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Ecology

Habitat

Forests, grassy slopes, hillsides, moist places; near sea level to 1800 m.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Liriope spicata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Liriope spicata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

Reasons: This is a cultivated species from China & Vietnam.

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Wikipedia

Liriope spicata

Liriope spicata is a species of low, herbaceous flowering plants from East Asia. Common names include creeping lilyturf, lilyturf, and monkey grass. This perennial has grass-like evergreen foliage and is commonly used in landscaping in temperate climates as groundcover. Creeping lilyturf has white to lavender flowers which produce single-seeded berries on a spike in the fall. It is one of the most popular groundcovers in the southeastern United States and areas with a similar climate.

Contents

Natural range and habitat

Creeping lilyturf is a native understory plant in China and Vietnam occurring in forests and grassy slopes at elevations of sea level to 5900 feet (0-1800 meters).[1][2]

Characteristics

Liriope spicata.jpg

Creeping lilyturf is a rhizomatous, grass-like perennial which forms clusters of narrow, arching, glossy, dark green leaves (to 1/4 inch wide (0.6 cm)) typically growing 9 to 15 inches (23 to 38 cm) high.[2] Erect flower spikes with small, white to pale lavender flowers arise, somewhat hidden, among the leaves in late summer. Blackish berries develop in fall and often persist through winter. Roots have prominent rhizomes and frequent tubers. A cultivar exists with variegated leaves.[3]

Creeping lilyturf looks very similar to another common species in the genus—lilyturf (Liriope muscari). Creeping lilyturf can be distinguished by its rhizomatous root system (in contrast to the diffused root system of lilyturf), its less prominent flower spike being partially within leaves (lilyturf has a longer spike extending well above leaves), and its generally narrower and shorter leaves when compared those of lilyturf.[4]

Cultivation

Creeping lilyturf is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Moist, fertile soils with partial shade are ideal, but it also tolerates wide range of light and soil conditions. Creeping lilyturf also tolerates heat, humidity, and drought. The evergreen foliage often turns brown in late winter; old foliage can be cut back or mowed at a high setting before new shoots appear early spring. Creeping lilyturf is suitable for USDA zones 4 to 10.[2]

Propagation

Germination characteristics of the seeds of creeping lilyturf are probably similar to those of Liriope muscari, which have been investigated more thoroughly; its germination guidelines should be followed.

Creeping lilyturf is easily reproduced by dividing the root mass and rhizomes.[5] The optimum time to do this is during the dormant season before onset of new growth.[4] Plants produced by division are identical to the mother plant, and thus, cultivar traits are retained.

Uses

Creeping lilyturf is mainly used in mass plantings as a groundcover. Its tendency of aggressive spreading makes it generally unsuitable as a border plant. The species has been observed to establish rhizomes beneath concrete borders. Creeping lilyturf is an excellent plant to establish on steep slopes where erosion control is needed. Minimal maintenance is required.

Liriope spicata is used as a substitute for Ophiopogon japonicus in Chinese medicine as an herb for yin deficiency.[1][6]

Problems

No serious diseases or pests occur for creeping lilyturf. Root rot (Pythium) has been reported. Anthracnose fungus sometimes causes reddish steaks in the leaves. Scale insects have been reported to cause unsightly reddish spots on leaves during late summer. Slugs and snails are occasional pests.[5]

Some people feel that creeping lilyturf has been overused as a landscaping plant and that suitable native plants can be used in its place.[7] Lilyturf is reported to have little wildlife value.

Like most other non-grass groundcovers, creeping lilyturf does not hold up to traffic well.[8]

References

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Notes

Comments

Widely cultivated in China for its tuberous roots, which are used medicinally.
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