Overview

Distribution

Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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Distribution: N.W. Himalayas, Cochin China, China.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants 15-40 cm tall. Roots adventitious with tubers. Leaves grass-like, narrowly linear, radical; margin entire; veins 3-5. Scape as long as or longer than the leaves, leaf-less. Flowers erect, numerous in interrupted clusters arranged in groups of 3-5 along the raceme, erect, pedicellate; pedicel jointed. Perianth segments 6, free, white to lavender, spreading from the base of the ovary. Stamens 6, filaments longer than the anthers. Ovary superior, tri-locular, with 2 ovules in each locule. Style shorter than the perianth segments. Fruit capsular, not 3-angled, walls thin; seed fleshy.
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Description

Roots sometimes with fusiform, fleshy, tuberous part near tip. Stolons creeping, slender. Leaves narrowly linear, ca. 60 cm × 2--3(--4) mm, 5-veined, base surrounded by many sheaths and fibers, margin serrulate apically. Scape 20--50 cm. Inflorescence 6--15 cm, many flowered; bracts ovate, scarious, basal one 5--6 mm. Flowers in clusters of 2--4, sometimes solitary; pedicel ca. 4 mm, articulate near apex. Tepals white or purplish, suboblong, 3.5--4 × 1.5--1.8 mm. Filaments 1--1.5 mm, flat; anthers ca. 1 mm. Style ca. 2 mm; stigma as wide as style. Seeds blue-black at maturity, ovoid or subglobose, 4--5 mm in diam. Fl. Jun--Aug, fr. Sep--Nov. 2 n = 36*, 72*, 108*.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Asparagus graminifolius Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 1: 450. 1762; Dracaena graminifolia (Linnaeus) Linnaeus; Liriope angustissima Ohwi; L. crassiuscula Ohwi; Mondo graminifolium (Linnaeus) Koidzumi.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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Ecology

Habitat

* Forests, thickets, shady places along ravines, grassy and rocky places; near sea level to 2300 m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: May-August.
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