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Overview

Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Hosta plantaginea (Lam.) Asch.:
United States (North America)
China (Asia)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, ?Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, ?Liaoning, ?S Shaanxi (Qin Ling), Sichuan, ?Yunnan, ?Zhejiang.
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introduced; Pa., expected elsewhere; se China.
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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants green, glabrous. Rhizome 1.5--2 cm thick, stout. Petiole 20--40 cm; leaf blade ovate-cordate, -orbicular, or ovate, 14--25 × 8--16 cm, glabrous, veins in 6--10 pairs, base cordate, margin slightly undulate, apex abruptly acute. Scape 40--80 cm. Raceme several to more than 10-flowered; bracts 2 subtending each flower, outer one ovate or lanceolate, 2.5--7 × 1--1.5 cm, inner one very small. Flowers solitary or sometimes in clusters of 2 or 3, fragrant; pedicel ca. 1 cm. Perianth white, funnelform, 10--13 cm. Stamens slightly shorter than or subequaling perianth; filaments adnate to perianth tube near base. Capsule cylindric, ca. 6 × 1 cm, 3-angled. Fl. and fr. Aug--Oct. 2 n = 60*.
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Description

Plants forming open clumps 60–90 × 45 cm; rhizomes not stoloniferous. Leaves: petiole erect, spreading, light green, to 25 cm; blade light yellowish green, orbiculate to cordate, 20–28 × 15–24 cm, base decurrent, apex acuminate; veins in 6–9 lateral pairs. Scape 60–80 cm. Inflorescences: racemes bright green, 10–15-flowered, stout, solid, to 25 cm; floral bracts large, greenish white, ovate-lanceolate, navicular; sterile bracts leafy, sparse. Flowers to 13 cm, fragrant; perianth long-tubular; tepals white, lobes sharply recurved; anthers yellow. Capsules large, elongate, apex pointed. 2n = 60.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Hemerocallis plantaginea Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 103. 1789; Hosta plantaginea f. stenantha F. Maekawa.
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Synonym

Hemerocallis plantaginea Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. 3: 103. 1789
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Ecology

Habitat

Disturbed open areas; 0--100m.
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* Forests, grassy slopes, rocky places; near sea level to 2200 m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering late summer (August).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Hosta plantaginea

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Hosta plantaginea

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Notes

Comments

Hosta plantaginea is widely cultivated for its fragrant white flowers, which open in late afternoon or evening. This showy species was the first Hosta cultivated in Europe, starting in 1784, and then in the New World. Following its introduction from China, it was planted by the thousands in public gardens and became known as Parisian funkia or hosta.
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Comments

Widely cultivated as an ornamental.
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