Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Hippocampus erectus is traded for use as aquarium fishes, curios and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) (Vincent and Perry, in prep.). This species is also incidentally caught, as bycatch, in shrimp trawl and other fisheries in Florida (Baum et al. in review), Mexico (J. Baum, unpublished data), Central America (Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua) (J. Baum, unpublished data) and South America (Argentina, Brazil) (I. Rosa and J. Baum, unpublished data). This species is also affected by habitat degradation due to coastal development and pollution. Given that H. erectus is among the most commonly traded seahorse species, particularly for ornamental display, fishers' and traders' evidence of declines in seahorse availability raise concern for this species.