Open waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Maine, USA, Cape Cod, and Cuba. Eastern Atlantic: Madeira, Scandinavia, the British Isles, and Iceland; Gulf of Mexico: off the west coast of Florida.
- Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder, 1953; Hart, J.L., 1973; Palmer, G., 1986.
No one has provided updates yet.