Continental waters on both sides of the North Atlantic. Southeastern Gulf of St. Lawrence and northeastern Nova Scotia to New Jersey; southward occasionally to Chesapeake Bay and to Cape Lookout, N. C. Southern part of the Grand Banks, to the southern coast of Newfoundland, and to Sandwich Bay on the southeastern coast of Atlantic. Labrador, West Greenland, Spitzbergen, Iceland, and the coasts of northwestern Europe south to the North Sea, English Channel, and Brittany coast of the Bay of Biscay in the eastern Atlantic.
- Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder,W.C., 1953; Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990; Frimodt, C., 1995.
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