Benthopelagic; freshwater; brackish; marine. A resident intertidal species with homing behavior. Mainly found in saltwater marshes and in tidal creeks. May leave tidepools if aquatic conditions become inhospitable. Enters fresh water to limited extent. Breathes air when out of water.
- Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C.,1953; Huber, J. H., 1996; Martin, K. L. M. and C. R. Bridges, 1999; Robins, C. R. and G. C. Ray, 1986; Gibson, R. N., 1999.
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