Bathypelagic; marine; depth range 91 - 2000 m. Typically, below 400 m, but may be in shallower water in the northern part of its range.
- Bigelow, H.B. and W.C. Schroeder, 1953; Charter, S.R., 1996; Maigret, J. and B. Ly, 1986; Nielsen, J.G. and D.G. Smith, 1978.
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