Northern Atlantic, from Polar latitudes south to the North Sea and accidentally to the mouth of the Seine and perhaps to Portugal. In the east; south to Newfoundland and the northern part of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in the west, and less commonly to the Gulf of Maine. It is represented in the Mediterranean region, in the North Pacific, and in the sub-Antarctic by forms that appear to be closely allied to this species.
- Bigelow, H. B. and Schroeder, W. C., 1953; Compagno, L. J. V., 1984; Compagno, L. J. V., D. A. Ebert and M. J. Smale, 1989.
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