Hymenaster pellucidus Wyville Thomson is a spinulosan sea star (class Asteroidea). It is characterized by its gelatinous and translucent body wall that allows the underlying internal skeleton to shine through. The skeletal arrangement is quite distinct from the typical asteroid skeleton with very long lateral spine projections. The gelatinous body wall is fragile and is often destroyed when individuals are collected with trawls. The more recent use of remotely operated vehicles has allowed researchers to observe this species and congeners in their natural environment. The species seems to be able to produce large amounts of mucus released from an opening on the aboral side, which may be defense mechanism against predators. Even the earliest records suggested that H. pellucidus is a brooder (Thomson 1878), and it has since been confirmed that this species broods its fertilized eggs under its supradorsal membrane until fully developed small juveniles hatch (Clark and Downey 1992). This is not an untypical reproductive mechanism in deep-sea invertebrates. There currently is very little information on what they eat or which ecological role they fulfill in the deep-sea environment.
- Thomson CW. 1878. Notice of some peculiarities in the mode of propagation of certain echinoderms of the Southern Sea. Journal of the Linnean Society of London: Zoology 13: 55-79.
- Clark AM, Downey ME. 1992. Starfishes of the Atlantic. Chapman and Hall, London.