The Gulf torpedo is a slow-swimming fish that (6), unlike many skates and rays, does not propel itself with wave-like undulations of the pectoral fins, but swims by shark-like movements of the tail fin (5). Resting frequently upon the muddy or sandy floor of its ocean habitat, it feeds on fish and invertebrates that are found there. The Gulf torpedo uses its electric shock organs to stun its chosen victim, and then uses its flexible pectoral fins to guide the prey into its mouth. The jaws and mouth of the gulf torpedo can be opened incredibly wide to allow them to swallow very large prey (6). The torpedo's electric organs are also an effective means of defence against potential predators, such as sharks and octopuses (6).