Torpedo rays have fascinated scientists for many years due to their remarkable ability to produce an electrical discharge from large kidney-shaped organs situated between the head and the pectoral fins (3) (4). The flattened body and enlarged pectoral fins form a circular disc shape, which in this species is dark brown patterned with clusters of whitish spots (3), vaguely resembling the large cat species of its common name. The mouth is situated on the underside of the flabby body and small, bulging eyes are situated on top of the head, surrounded by small spiracles (3) (4). Spiracles are tiny holes that allow the ray to breathe when resting on the ocean bottom, as in this position the mouth is covered (4). The stout tail is substantially shorter than the length of the body disc and bears a well developed fin at its tip (3).
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