A pressing requirement to assist in the conservation of this species is the need for further research on the big-belly seahorse. In order to effectively conserve a species, its biology, ecology, range and abundance must be fully understood and the threats facing it must be known (8). In addition, Marine Protected Areas need to be established to provide areas in which the species is protected (3). In November 2002 all seahorses were listed on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES); this means that the massive trade in seahorses must be regulated to ensure that the survival of wild populations is not threatened. However, Indonesia, Japan, Norway and South Korea have opted out of the listing for seahorses (7).
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