Fire corals are listed on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), which means that trade in these species should be carefully regulated (1). Indonesia and Fiji both have quota systems for corals, monitored though CITES (1). The aim of the quotas are to ensure harvests are kept at a sustainable level, but in reality they are hard to set at the right level due to a lack of knowledge regarding coral biology. Fire corals will form part of the marine community in many Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), which offer coral reefs a degree of protection, and there are many calls from non-governmental organisations for larger MPAs to ensure the persistence of these unique and fascinating ecosystems (6).
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