The astonishing discovery of this unusual, long-horned bovid in 1992 is generally considered to be the greatest animal find of recent times (3) (5). Not only is it the first large mammal to be discovered since the Kouprey (Bos sauveli) in 1936, but it is also so different from any previously known species that a separate genus was constructed for it (2) (6). Both males and females have long, slender horns that are up to 52 centimetres in length, almost straight but with a slight curve backwards, and which are thought to be used for protection against predators and possibly in intraspecific conflict (2) (3). The short glossy coat ranges from a rich chestnut brown to almost black, generally being paler on the belly than the back, with a thin black line extending down the spine and white patches on the side of the neck of some individuals (2) (3). The tail is split into three bands of colour - brown at the top, cream in the middle, and black towards the end, tipped in a fluffy tassel (2). A cream-coloured band marks the rump, and white bands encircle the lower legs, just above the hooves (3). The brown face has a somewhat variable pattern of white spots and slashes, the most noticeable of which are the long, thin stripes above each eye, giving the appearance of eyebrows (2).
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