The Sumatran rhinoceros is fully protected within its native countries and is listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), which prohibits international trade (2). The extent of illegal trade that still occurs is investigated by TRAFFIC (the wildlife trade monitoring network of WWF and the IUCN), and replacements for rhinoceros horn in traditional medicine are being investigated (2). Existing reserves need to be expanded and habitat corridors and buffer zones created so that these rhinoceros can coexist with their human neighbours (2). In 1998, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) launched the Asian Rhino and Elephant Action Strategy (AREAS), which aims to tackle this issue in key areas of the continent (9). Captive breeding programmes have proved unsuccessful in the past, but recent attempts to breed rhinoceros within sanctuaries in their natural habitat appear to be more encouraging (2).
No one has provided updates yet.