The natural distribution of the eastern oyster is the east coast of the Americas from the Gulf of St. Lawrence in Canada to Argentina, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. It has been introduced to the west coast of North America, Hawaii, Australia, England and Japan.
- Abbott, R. 1974. American Seashells. The Marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts of North America. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York. 663 pp.
- Galtsoff, P. S. 1964. The American Oyster Crassostrea virginica Gmelin. Fishery Bulletin 64:1-480.
- Kennedy, V., R. I. E. Newell & A. F. Eble (editors). 1996. The Eastern Oyster Crassostrea virginica. Maryland Sea Grant, College Park, Maryland. 734 pp.
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