Very little is known about these bears even though they are one of the largest carnivores in South America. They are believed to be diurnal (6) and have been observed to make nests in the trees whilst foraging or resting (4). Like other bears they are omnivores although vegetation appears to make up the majority of the diet, particularly fruit of plants from the Bromelid family (5). These bears are an important component of the ecosystem they inhabit, distributing a wide variety of seeds (5). The mating season runs from April to June, the female alone cares for the litter of 1-3 cubs that are born between November and February (4).
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