Although caracal hunting is still legal in some parts of its range, in India, much of sub-Saharan Africa, and many south-west and central Asian countries, it is prohibited (7). Furthermore, the Asian caracal population is listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), making all international trade in this species illegal (3). The presence of the caracal in numerous, large and well-managed protected areas throughout its range is helping to safeguard populations against habitat loss (1). This has been particularly beneficial in India, where areas set aside for tiger conservation are now also forming vital refuges for the caracal's endangered population. With these measures in place the future of this remarkable cat looks optimistic (8).