Particularly abundant in coastal creeks and floodplains where it is supported by a certain salinity level. It is vulnerable to a trematode parasite which induces a characteristic cutaneous reaction. Reproduction in captivity has been successful (Ref. 12225). Maximum length questionable (Ref. 38376).
- Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, L. Cassati and V.A. Bertaco 2003 Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376) http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=38376&speccode=5145