Relation to Humans
No species of drosophilid has any implication for human health. There are one or two possible cases of myiasis reported in the literature, and some laboratory workers may develop an allergy, either to the flies themselves, or, more likely to other materials in the laboratory environment (yeasts, cotton wool).
The laboratory culture of D. melanogaster is robust and very well understood and detailed accounts are available in the literature [14, 15].
Over 30,000 different mutant strains of D. melanogaster are maintained in public stock collections in the US, Europe, Japan and India (see <http://flybase.org/static_pages/allied-data/external_resources5.html>).
The most important use of D. melanogaster is as a model organism for biomedical research. Here, its importance cannot be overstated. There is an estimated 7,500 researchers world-wide working with this species and publishing about 3,000 primary research papers a year.
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