Chemical Structure of PSP Toxins
PSP is caused by a suite of chemically slightly different toxins. Their differences may lie in the structure of the side groups. A partial list is shown in the table; more than 20 types have been identified. Different Alexandrium species may produce different combinations of these toxins.
- Aquatic (Marine and Freshwater) Biotoxins: Environmental Health Criteria No.37. Published under the Joint Sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Program, the International Labour Organization, and the World Health Organization, 1984. Geneva: WHO, 1984. 96 pp, (ISBN 92-4-154097-4)
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