Amanita pantherina is an ectomychorrizal species primarily found in coniferous and deciduous forests in temperate to subalpine regions, particularly under conifers such as firs and pines, as well as deciduous aspen species.2, 5, 6 They have been found widespread, nearly globally throughout the forests of North and Central America, Europe, Africa, and Asia, although some specimens are believed to be misidentified variants of A. pantherina, or are other species completely, such as its close relative Amanita subglobosa.9, 15A. pantherina can be found fruiting in both spring and fall seasons.6
- 2. Cripps, Cathy L. (2001). “Mycorrhizal Fungi of Aspen Forest: Natural Occurrence and Potential Applications.” USDA Forest Service Proceedings, RMRS-P-18, 285-298.
- 5. Horton, Thomas R., and Thomas D. Bruns. (1998). “Multiple-host fungi are the most frequent and abundant ectomycorrhizal types in a mixed stand of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and bishop pine (Pinus muricata).” New Phytologist, 139, 331-339.
- 6. Hotson, J. W., and Lewis, Esther. (September – October 1934). “Amanita pantherina of Western Washington.” Mycologia, 26(5), 384-391.
- 9. Oda, Takashi, et. al. (2004, August). “Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the widely distributed Amanita species, A. muscaria and A. pantherina.” Mycological Research, 108(8), 885-896. doi:10.1017/S0953756204000620
- 15. Tuloss, R. E., and Yang, Z. L. (Eds.). (2014). “Amantina pantherina.” Amanitaceae.org. Retrieved from http://www.amanitaceae.org/?Amanita%20pantherina
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