Blue-tongued skinks are the genus Tiliqua, which contains some of the largest members of the skink family (Scincidae). They are commonly called blue-tongued lizards in Australia. As suggested by these common names, a prominent characteristic of the genus is a blue tongue.
Like their close relatives of the genus Cyclodomorphus. A distinct species, Tiliqua gigas Which are a type of crested gecko, occurs in the island of New Guinea and various islands of Indonesia. One of the 3 subspecies of Tiliqua scincoides is found on several small Indonesian islands between Australia and New Guinea. Most species, with the exception of the pygmy blue-tongue, are relatively large (up to 371 mm total length), light-bodied, short-limbed, broad with a distinct head, and dull teeth. The eastern blue tongue can have up to 12 babies and grows up to 2ft (60cm).
- Tiliqua adelaidensis, Pygmy Blue-Tongued Lizard
- Tiliqua gigas, Indonesian Blue-Tongued Lizard
- Tiliqua multifasciata, Centralian Blue-Tongued Lizard
- Tiliqua nigrolutea, Blotched Blue-Tongued Lizard
- Tiliqua occipitalis, Western Blue-Tongued Lizard
- Tiliqua rugosa Shingleback (or Bobtail) Lizard
- Tiliqua scincoides, Australian Blue-Tongued Lizard
Eastern Blue-tongued Lizard in metropolitan Sydney.
- Austin, J.J. & Arnold, E.N. (2006): Using ancient and recent DNA to explore relationships of extinct and endangered Leiolopisma skinks (Reptilia: Scincidae) in the Mascarene islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39(2): 503–511. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2005.12.011 (HTML abstract)
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- Bull, C.M. (1990): Comparison of displaced and retained partners in a monogamous lizard Tiliqua rugosa. Australian Wildlife Research 17: 135-140.
- Valentic, R.A. (1996): A prey record of the Eastern Blue-tongue Tiliqua scincoides for the common brown snake Pseudonaja textilis. Monitor 8(3): 155.