IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category Year Assessed
Least Concern Red List Criteria Version
Fennessy, S., Kulbicki, M., Cabanban, A.S., Myers, R. & Choat, J.H. Reviewer/s
Sadovy, Y. & Moss, K. (Grouper and Wrasse Red List Authority) Contributor/s Justification
is one of the most widespread and common groupers and it occurs in numerous well managed marine protected areas. Therefore, this species has been assessed as Least Concern. However there are distinct sub-populations and certain regional assessments may consider this species to be Near Threatened or Vulnerable because of overfishing and potential for habitat degradation. Increased management of this species is needed in some areas. Catch and catch rate data are limited, mainly because they are seldom identified to species, but are lumped with other groupers. Available data are widely spatially separated and contradictory, probably reflecting area-specific variation in stock status and habitat preferences of this species. There has been a steady decline in CPUE in southern Japan, to less than one third of that at the beginning of the time series. There has been inconsistent variation in catches from Mozambique. In Reunion, total catch has dropped by 40% in comparison to that of 13 years ago, with similar total effort levels, although data are inaccurate, being voluntary. In the Pacific, catches have declined to about 25% of what they were 50 years ago in one locality, but in other localities this trend is not apparent.