Dusky pademelon (Thlogale brunii)
The dusky pademelon occurs in the southern and extreme south-eastern portion of New Guinea and on the Aru and Kai Islands of Indonesia. There are three distinct populations: one in the grasslands surrounding Port Moresby (probably now extinct); one in the Trans-Fly region; and one on the Aru and Kai islands. It occurs only in lowland primary tropical moist forest, forest-savanna mosaic, and degraded forest close to sea level. It is confined to the gallery forests in the southern portion of its range and does not occur in the adjacent grasslands.
Captives live up to 9.4 years.
The dusky pademelon was listed as Vulnerable in 2008, as it is estimated and projected to be undergoing a 30% population reduction over a 15-20 year period (three generations). This species is extremely sensitive to hunting and appears to have been extirpated from the south-eastern portion of its range.
The south-eastern population, close to Port Moresby, probably has been extirpated. It is currently abundant on the Aru Islands, but this subpopulation is very susceptible to hunting due to an increasing human population. The southern New Guinea subpopulation, in the Trans-Fly plain area, is thought to be fairly common, largely because of low human population density and political instability.
The population is decreasing
This species is threatened by local hunting (with dogs) for food. Hunting is the cause of the extirpation of this species from the south-eastern, Port Moresby, part of its range.
This species is not found in any protected areas. Monitoring of populations and regulation of hunting of this species are needed.
The dusky pademelon or dusky wallaby (Thylogale brunii) is a species of marsupial in the Macropodidae family. It is found in the Aru and Kai islands and the Trans Fly savanna and grasslands ecoregion of Papua Province of Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, dry savanna, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland. It is threatened by habitat loss.
The scientific name of this pademelon honors Cornelis de Bruijn, the Dutch painter who first described it in the second volume of his Travels, originally published in 1711. There de Bruijn labeled his description with a common name then current, philander (“friend of man”). A later common name was Aru Island wallaby.