The African Wild Ass according to MammalMAP
The African wild ass (Equus asinus) is listed on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as Critically Endangered.
Well adapted for the desert life, the African wild ass can only be found in the rocky hills and semi-arid bushlands of northeast Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia. Previously its geographic spread also included northern Africa, but due to hunting, numbers have been reduced to as little as 570 individuals.
This ancestor of domestic donkeys resembles a short, stocky horse with long ears on its large head. It has a tufted tail and a stiff, upright mane on the nape of its neck. Its coat is light grey to reddish brown in colour, with a white underbelly and legs, as well as black bands on the legs in the Somalian subspecies. It has long and narrow hooves for a sturdier footing in the rocky desert.
The African wild ass is mainly a grazer of grasses, but eats any type of vegetation, and can go without water for at least three days. They are active during the cooler early mornings and late afternoon, and seek out shade during the hotter parts of the day to rest.
They breed during the wet season and females have a gestation period of one year, giving birth to one foal.
African wild asses are protected by law, but these laws are difficult to enforce and illegal hunting still occur. Research is currently being done to study population size, habitat requirements and threats, in order for better management of this species.
No one has provided updates yet.