Formosan clouded leopard
The Formosan clouded leopard was Taiwan's second-largest carnivore, after the Formosan black bear. Following extensive logging of its natural habitat, clouded leopards retreated into the Jade Mountain and Tawu Mountain. Today, the Tawu Mountain Nature Reserve is a protected area encompassing about 480 km2 (190 sq mi) that harbours the largest remaining primary forest in southern Taiwan and comprises tropical and subtropical rainforest as well as temperate broadleaf and mixed forest and temperate coniferous forest.
An interview survey conducted in 1986 among 70 indigenous hunters revealed that the last confirmed sighting of a Formosan clouded leopard occurred in the Tawu Mountain area in 1983. The last confirmed record dates to 1989, when the skin of a young individual was found in the Taroko area.
- Sanderson, J., Khan, J. A., Grassman, L., Mallon, D. P. (2008). "Neofelis nebulosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature.
- Chiang, P.-J. (2007). Ecology and Conservation of the Formosan clouded leopard, its prey, and other sympatric carnivores in southern Taiwan. PhD dissertation submitted to the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia.
- Swinhoe, R. (1862). On the Mammals of the Island of Formosa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 347–365.
- Rabinowitz, A. (1988). The clouded leopard in Taiwan. Oryx 22 (1): 46–47.
- Anonymous. (1996). The mystery of the Formosan clouded leopard. Cat News 24: 16.
- Lue, K. Y., W. S. Chang and B. Z. Hwa (1992). The Faunal Investigation on Yu-Li Wildlife Nature Reserve. Report Taiwan Forest Bureau Conservation and Research Series, No. 79-02.
- Wang, Y., Y. Chen, and C. Lai (1996). Wildlife population study and monitor at Nan-Tzy-Shian River watershed area. Conservation and Planning Administration, Ministry of Interior, Taiwan.
- Pei, K. (1999). Hunting System of the Rukai Tribe in Taiwan, Republic of China. Proceedings of the International Union of Game Biologists XXIV Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece.