Rosa sempervirens, the evergreen rose, is a plant in the family Rosaceae, a climbing perennial with very prickly stems.
It grows mostly in maquis or in sheltered valleys in southern France, in the Mediterranean climate region, and was used repeatedly as parent for the hybrids produced by Henri Antoine Jacques, gardener to King Louis Philippe I of France. 
Rosa sempervirens leaves are glossy, compound-pinnate and evergreen. Its flowers are white and appear in spring and early summer. The fruit is shiny red.
- Rosa anemoniflora = Rosa sempervirens var. anemoniflora
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