Global Range: (Unknown) Historical range reportedly included marine habitats in parts of the eastern Pacific Ocean, western and eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean Sea, Indo-Pacific, and Red Sea, and freshwater habitats in North, Central, and South America, Africa, and India (NMFS 2000). However, reports of this species from outside the Atlantic may be based on misidentifications of other pristids (NMFS 2001, 2003; Faria et al. 2013). Historical distribution in the eastern Atlantic was along the west coast of Afica; in the western Atlantic Ocean, the range extended from North Carolina (rarely New York), Bermuda, and the northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil (Robins and Ray 1986); probably not a permanent resident north of Florida (NMFS 2000); prior to around 1960, commonly occurred as far north as the Gulf of Mexico and North Carolina (NMFS 2003). Current distribution is centered on Everglades National Park, including Florida Bay (NMFS 2001, 2003). The depleted U.S. population may be the largest population in the western Atlantic (NMFS 2001). In the last 10 years, there has been only one confirmed record of a smalltooth sawfish outside of U.S. waters, in Sierra Leone, west Africa, in 2003 (M. Diop, pers. comm., cited by NMFS 2013). Two other countries have recently reported sawfish (Guinea Bissau, Africa in 2011, and Mauritania in 2010), but these reports did not specify them as smalltooth sawfish (NMFS 2013).