Daubentoniidae is a primate family containing a single extant species (the aye-aye, Daubentonia madagascariensis). Daubentoniidae is only family in the genus Daubentonia, which is the lone member of the infraorder Chiromyiformes. The aye-aye is a strepsirrhine primate native to Madagascar.
Phylogenetic history: In the past, it was contentious whether or not Daubentoniidae should be classified under the Lemuriformes infraorder alongside the other lemur families or whether it should be placed into its own Chiromyiformes infraorder. In 2005, Colin Groves upheld the Lemuriformes-Chiromyiformes separation (Wilson & Reeder, 2005). Other genetic and morphological studies have also maintained the separation of Chiromyiformes and Lemuriformes (Chatterjee et al., 2009; Goodman et al., 1998; Roos et al., 2004; Stanger-Hall, 1997). In 2008, Groves and other scholars seem to define lemurs as monophyletic, classifying Daubentoniidae as a member of the Lemuriformes infraorder (Mittermeier et al., 2008), though this author believes the wording is unclear and that an explicit rejection of the Chiromyiformes taxonomy is not present.
- Chatterjee, Helen J., Simon YW Ho, Ian Barnes, and Colin Groves. “Estimating the Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Primates Using a Supermatrix Approach.” BMC Evolutionary Biology 9, no. 1 (October 27, 2009): 259. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-259.
- Goodman, Morris, Calvin A. Porter, John Czelusniak, Scott L. Page, Horacio Schneider, Jeheskel Shoshani, Gregg Gunnell, and Colin P. Groves. “Toward a Phylogenetic Classification of Primates Based on DNA Evidence Complemented by Fossil Evidence.” Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9, no. 3 (June 1998): 585–598. doi:10.1006/mpev.1998.0495.
- Mittermeier, Russell A., Jörg U. Ganzhorn, William R. Konstant, Kenneth Glander, Ian Tattersall, Colin P. Groves, Anthony B. Rylands, et al. “Lemur Diversity in Madagascar.” International Journal of Primatology 29, no. 6 (December 1, 2008): 1607–1656. doi:10.1007/s10764-008-9317-y.
- Roos, Christian, Jürgen Schmitz, and Hans Zischler. “Primate Jumping Genes Elucidate Strepsirrhine Phylogeny.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101, no. 29 (July 20, 2004): 10650–10654. doi:10.1073/pnas.0403852101.
- Stanger-Hall, Kathrin F. “Phylogenetic Affinities Among the Extant Malagasy Lemurs (Lemuriformes) Based on Morphology and Behavior.” Journal of Mammalian Evolution 4, no. 3 (September 1, 1997): 163–194. doi:10.1023/A:1027345624734.
- Wilson, D.E., and D.A.M. Reeder. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Mammal Species of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005. http://www.google.com/books?id=JgAMbNSt8ikC.
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