Copidosoma floridanum is a species of chalcid wasp, a parasitoid primarily of moths in the subfamily Plusiinae. It has the largest recorded brood of any parasitoidal insect, at 3,055 individuals. Their life cycle begins when a female oviposits into the eggs of a suitable host species, laying one or two eggs per host. Each egg divides and develops into a brood of multiple individuals, a phenomenon called polyembryony. The larvae grow inside their host, breaking free at the end of the host's own larval stage.
A cosmopolitan species, Copidosoma floridanum is distributed worldwide. Because of its significance to agriculture as pest control and its phylogenic relationship with other important species, the wasp's genome is being sequenced by the Human Genome Sequencing Center as part of the i5K project, which aims to sequence the genomes of 5,000 arthropods.
References[edit source | edit]
- Alvarez, Juan Manuel (15 April 1997). "Chapter 26: Largest Parasitoid Brood". Book of Insect Records. University of Florida. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- Strand, Michael. "i5K: Copidosoma floridanum". Human Genome Sequencing Center. Baylor College of Medicine. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- "i5k Project Summary". Human Genome Sequencing Center. Baylor College of Medicine. Retrieved 3 September 2013.