| Common names: sheephead (English), wrasse (English), vieja (Espanol), pejeperro (Espanol) |
Semicossyphus darwini (Jenyns, 1842)
Pacific red sheephead, Galapagos sheephead
Body robust; head bluntly pointed; 2 pairs of enlarged, curved canines at front of each jaw; rear of upper jaw with moderately enlarged canine on each side; dorsal fin with XII spines, 10 rays; anal rays III, 11 or 12; pectoral rays 18; lateral line complete, smoothly arched; scales relatively small, 53-56 on lateral line, those on head reaching only to rear of eyes.
IP: red with white chin; a large yellow patch just behind head and black spot at front of dorsal fin; TP: bluish grey; chin white; a large yellow patch behind head.
Maximum size to about 70 cm.
Habitat: found along rocky shores of the cooler southern and western regions of the Galapagos.
Depth: 3-100 m.
Ecuador to northern Chile, and Galapagos Islands.