|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (September 2011)|
Cucurbita argyrosperma, the pipian or cushaw pumpkin, is a species of squash originally from the south of Mexico. This annual herbaceous plant is cultivated in the Americas for its nutritional value: its flowers, shoots, and fruits are all harvested, but it is cultivated most of all for its seeds, which are used for sauces.
It is a Cucurbita species, with pumpkin varieties that are commonly cultivated in the United States and Mexico. Of all the cultivated Cucurbita species, it is found outside of the Americas the least. It originated in Mesoamerica and its wild ancestor is Cucurbita sororia.
Uses[edit source | edit]
Food[edit source | edit]
The flowers, stems, shoots, and fruits of the unripe plant are consumed as vegetables. In the south of Mexico, the wild, more bitter varieties are used in this same way, once washed and cleaned to eliminate cucurbitin. The ripe plant is grilled to make pies or used to feed animals.
The seeds yield an edible oil.
The plant's adaptation to warm climates, and a resistance to squash borers, make it very competitive in the agricultural industry. It is used especially in the southern states of the U.S. for use in pies, preferred over other pumpkins by some cooks.
It is also grown in the Sonoran Desert region of the Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico by native peoples, especially the Tohono O'odham, where it is especially prized when immature as a summer squash.
Medicinal properties[edit source | edit]
References[edit source | edit]
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
- Oris I. Sanjur, Dolores R. Piperno, Thomas C. Andres, and Linda Wessel-Beaver (2002). "Phylogenetic relationships among domesticated and wild species of Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae) inferred from a mitochondrial gene: Implications for crop plant evolution and areas of origin". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99 (1): 535–540. [Cucurbita sororia ancestor of Cucurbita mixta]
- Saade, R. Lira; Hernández, S. Montes. "Cucurbits". Purdue Horticulture. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
- "Plants for a Future".