The striped hyena occurs in several protected areas throughout its range including Ranthambore National Park in India (8), and Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, a World Heritage Site (9). In 1998, the Hyaena Specialist Group published a Conservation Action Plan which outlines actions required to improve the conservation status of all hyena species (3). The actions detailed for the striped hyena include campaigning for increased protection of the species throughout its range, and undertaking further studies of its behaviour, ecology and biology. It is also recognised that one of the most important, and possibly difficult, challenges, is to alter people's negative perception of hyenas. Before the striped hyena and its relatives are viewed in a more positive light, it will be difficult to improve the status of these fascinating animals (3).
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