Numbers of hirola have declined severely; from 10,000 in the 1970s, to just 300 in 1995 (2). The remaining tiny population is now considered to be at risk of imminent extinction (2). Competition with cattle, severe drought, disease and poaching are all factors that have contributed to devastating hirola populations (3) (4). Unfortunately, the hirola's preference for areas that are used by livestock puts them at increased risk from diseases like rinderpest and tuberculosis (3).
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