The Broad-bordered Grass Yellow or Small Grass Yellow (Eurema brigitta) is a small, bright yellow successful generalist: one of the 15 most common butterflies in Africa, Arabia and Asia, widespread in almost all countries in both continents. It also occurs in Papua New Guinea and Australia. This habitat generalist is found almost everywhere, especially in open grasslands, clearings and disturbed areas. It usually does not inhabit primary (undisturbed) forest or extreme deserts. Its range includes islands and other sea-level regions through altitudes up to 2400 m. Adults eat flower nectar, and males also mud puddle on sand or dung, often in large migratory congregations. The larvae, which grow to about 3 cm long have a darker green back and lighter lateral stripes. Larvae feed on hostplants in the family Fabaceae: especially Chamaecrista mimosoides, Neptunia dimorphantha (in Australia) species in the genera Senna, Sesbania, Albizia, Acacia, and Tephrosia and family Hypericaceae: Hypericum aethiopicum.
(Hoskins 2013; Herbison 2009; Larsen 2011)
- Herbison-Evans, D. and S. Crossley. 23 April, 2009. Eurema brigitta. Butterflies of Australia: Coffs Harbour Butterfly House. Retrieved June 7, 2013 from http://lepidoptera.butterflyhouse.com.au/pier/brigitt.html.
- Hoskins.A, Learn About Butterflies: the complete guide to the world of butterflies & moths. Small Grass Yellow: Eurema brigatta. Retrieved June 7, 2013 from http://www.learnaboutbutterflies.com/Africa%20-%20Eurema%20brigitta.htm.
- Larsen, T. 2011. Eurema brigitta. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. Retrieved 07 June 2013 from http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/159946/0.