Order Mantophasmatodea contains a type of insect commonly known as gladiators or heelwalkers. There are about twelve species in the order. They are all wingless. They are carnivorous, using their spiny first and second pair of legs to capture prey. They feed on flies, bark lice, and other small insects. They live in short vegetation like grass. They communicate by tapping their abdomen on a surface, which sends vibrations to another heelwalker. Sexual dimorphism and polymorphism are common. Heelwalkers undergo incomplete metamorphosis. The females lay about twelve eggs into a sand pod. The eggs hatch after seasonal rain and the nymphs grow during the wet season. They turn into adults by the end of the rainy season. They can be found in the fossil record as far back as the Jurassic.
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