develop hidden runways the way many voles (Microtus and Clethrionomys
spp.) do [3,125]. In open habitat within forests deer mice have a
tendency to visit the nearest timber . In central Ontario deer mice
used downed wood for runways .
Deer mice nest in burrows dug in the ground or construct nests in raised
areas such as brush piles, logs, rocks, stumps, under bark, and in
hollows in trees [79,85,127]. Nests are also constructed in various
structures and artifacts including old boards and abandoned vehicles.
Nests have been found up to 79 feet (24 m) above the ground in
Douglas-fir trees .
- 3. Baker, Rollin H. 1968. Habitats and distribution. In: King, John Arthur, ed. Biology of Peromyscus (Rodentia). Special Publication No. 2. Stillwater, OK: The American Society of Mammalogists: 98-126. 
- 43. Gashwiler, Jay S. 1959. Small mammal study in west-central Oregon. Journal of Mammalogy. 40(1): 128-139. 
- 79. Maser, Chris; Mate, Bruce R.; Franklin, Jerry F.; Dyrness, C. T. 1981. Natural history of Oregon Coast mammals. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-133. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 496 p. 
- 85. Naylor, Brian J. 1994. Managing wildlife habitat in red pine and white pine forests of central Ontario. Forestry Chronicle. 70(4): 411-419. 
- 125. Wagg, J. W. Bruce. 1964. White spruce regeneration on the Peace and Slave River lowlands. Publ. No. 1069. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Department of Forestry, Forest Research Branch. 35 p. 
- 127. Whitaker, John O., Jr. 1980. National Audubon Society field guide to North American mammals. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. 745 p. 
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