Immediate Effect of Fire
Most fires only top-kill redosier dogwood shrubs [10,194]. Mortality is likely restricted to severely burned sites where duff and litter are consumed and upper soil layers experience extended heating (review by ).
- 10. Archibold, O. W. 1979. Buried viable propagules as a factor in postfire regeneration in northern Saskatchewan. Canadian Journal of Botany. 57(1): 54-58. 
- 33. Bradley, Anne F.; Fischer, William C.; Noste, Nonan V. 1992. Fire ecology of the forest habitat types of eastern Idaho and western Wyoming. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-290. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. 92 p. 
- 194. Mitchell, Laura R.; Malecki, Richard A. 2003. Use of prescribed fire for management of old fields in the Northeast. In: Galley, Krista E. M.; Klinger, Robert C.; Sugihara, Neil G., eds. Proceedings of fire conference 2000: the 1st national congress on fire ecology, prevention, and management; 2000 November 27-December 1; San Diego, CA. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 60-71. 
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