Pollination and breeding system
Redosier dogwood produces perfect flowers that are obligate outcrossing and insect-pollinated [124,230,271]). In experiments, redosier dogwood flowers that were bagged to prevent cross pollination did not produce fruits, suggesting that successful fruit production depends on cross pollination . Because redosier dogwood flowers are 0.4 inch (1 cm) broad, fertilization of the stigmas by anthers of neighboring flowers is unlikely . Observations suggest that bumblebees may be the most frequent visitors to redosier dogwood flowers , but many bee, fly, and butterfly visitors have been observed [168,317].
- 230. Pijut, Paula M. 2004. Cornus sericea. In: Francis, John K., ed. Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories: thamnic descriptions: volume 1. Gen. Tech. Rep. IITF-GTR-26. San Juan, PR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry; Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 249-251. 
- 271. Scoggan, H. J. 1978. The flora of Canada. Part 4: Dicotyledoneae (Dictoyledonceae to Compositae). National Museum of Natural Sciences: Publications in Botany, No. 7(4). Ottawa: National Museums of Canada. 1711 p. 
- 92. Gunatilleke, C. V. S.; Gunatilleke, I. A. U. N. 1984. Some observations on the reproductive biology of three species of Cornus (Cornaceae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. 65: 419-427. 
- 124. Hummel, R. L.; Ascher, P. D.; Pellett, H. M. 1982. Genetic control of self-incompatibility in red-osier dogwood. Journal of Heredity. 73: 308-309. 
- 168. Lovell, John H. 1898. The insect-visitors of flowers. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 25(7): 382-390. 
- 317. Voss, Edward G. 1954. The butterflies of Emmet and Cheboygan counties, Michigan, with other notes on northern Michigan butterflies. The American Midland Naturalist. 51(1): 87-104. 
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