More info for the term: succession
Fairy slipper occurs in all stages of succession. It is listed as a "preclimax" species found in streambottoms of the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness of Idaho and Montana . In the boreal forests of central Alaska, fairy slipper is found in mature successional stages starting in Stage 7 (as described by Van Cleve and Viereck ), which is predominantly mature balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera spp. balsamifera) and young white spruce (Picea glauca), and ending in Stage 8,which is mature white spruce. In an overview of plant habitat associations of Douglas-fir forests of the Pacific Northwest, Ruggiero and others  report that fairy slipper was present in young Douglas-fir age classes (35-79 years), but was much more common in mature (80 to 195 years) and old-growth (200 to 730 years) age classes. Case  reports that fairy slipper usually grows in shade and does not occur on mineral soils, suggesting a preference for late succession.
- 13. Case, Frederick W., Jr. 1964. Orchids of the western Great Lakes Region. Bulletin 48. Bloomfield, MN: Cranbrook Institute of Science. 147 p. 
- 44. Keown, Larry D. 1978. Fire management in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness, Moose Creek Ranger District, Nez Perce National Forest. Missoula, MT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Region. 163 p. 
- 64. Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Jones, Lawrence L. C.; Aubry, Keith B. 1991. Plant and animal habitat associations in Douglas-fir forests of the Pacific Northwest: an overview. In: Ruggiero, Leonard F.; Aubry, Keith B.; Carey, Andrew B.; Huff, Mark H., technical coordinators. Wildlife and vegetation of unmanaged Douglas-fir forests. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-285. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: 447-462. 
- 72. Van Cleve, Keith; Viereck, Leslie A. 1981. Forest succession in relation to nutrient cycling in the boreal forest of Alaska. In: Fire and succession in conifer forests of North America. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag: 185-211. 
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