Other uses and values
Midwest . It is well suited for damp ground, but is also somewhat
drought tolerant .
- 7. Duncan, Wilbur H.; Duncan, Marion B. 1988. Trees of the southeastern United States. Athens, GA: The University of Georgia Press. 322 p. 
- 4. Carlsmith, Anne. 1983. The river birch. Arnoldia. 44(1): 28-31. 
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