Order Diptera include true flies, black flies, midges, fruit flies, mosquitoes, blow flies, and house flies. True Flies can be found throughout the world except for Antarctica. Diptera can be found in the fossil record as far back as the Upper Triassic. Flies undergo complete metamorphosis. Larvae hatch almost immediately after the eggs are laid by a female. Fly larvae are commonly known as maggots. Maggots lack legs and mostly consume decaying organic matter. They pupate inside silk cocoons. Almost all of the adult flies have functional wings and halteres, which balance the flies when they fly. The adults do not live more than a few days and are mainly focused on reproduction. They feed on sap, blood, or nectar. Mosquitoe larvae, wrigglers, are aquatic and feed on algae. The pupae are aquatic and breathe at the surface of the water. Adult mosquitoes are usually active at night and rarely go farther than a few hundred yards of where they emerged from their pupa.
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