Twisted-wing parasites gets their common name from resting males, because the wings are laid at an odd angle. The females do not have wings and sometimes do not have legs either. Parasitic Strepsiptera go through hypermetamorphosis, which means they have larvae that have the motor skills to find a host. The larvae are called triungulins and find their way to a host after leaving a female. They look for wasps, planthoppers, bees, leafhoppers, and other insects to in habit. Inside the host, the larva molts and resembles a worm at this stage. It molts a few more times and then pupates inside its larval skin. After the male emerges, he exists the host and looks for other females. The female stays inside her host and releases a pheromone to attract a male. The adult males will usually live around five hours before dying. They do not eat and use their mouth as a sensory structure instead. They fly around until they find a host that is emitting a female’s pheromone. The females die after the larvae are produced. Order Strepsiptera can be found throughout the world.
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